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Creating a broad impact: Smart textiles on the rise

Anyone wanting to create more than only prototypes in the smart textile sector will find themselves facing many challenges. ADRESYS has faced them and is going into series production with the ANGEL shirt.

If you want to focus on innovation in areas such as automotive, sports, or health, one cannot but talk about intelligent textiles, so-called smart textiles. They set completely new standards: they react to the environment, possess a certain intelligence, and operate body monitoring.

The ANGEL system by ADRESYS, for example, works likes this: electrodes on the upper arms collect data, the Genius analyzes them and passes them on, and the ANGEL app calls for help if an electrical accident, fall, or medical emergency had been detected.

Getting started

The term smart textiles has been on everyone’s lips for years. That’s why ADRESYS thought that it would be easy to find suitable material for the ANGEL system. But far from it! The smart textile industry is still in its infancy in many respects.

The market indeed offered some smart shirts, which the experts from ADRESYS tried to work with. But in addition to technical difficulties, there were also problems with suitability for everyday use. For example, the synthetic material and long sleeves originally planned were not designed for an average workday under often strenuous and sweaty conditions. Silke, the textile engineer at ADRESYS, therefore had to find solutions specifically for ANGEL.

Eine Frau steht und hat ein Textilleiter in der Hand

Silke during smart textile production

Proving every day

Silke defines: To be suitable for everyday use, the ANGEL shirt must have a comfortable cut and be made from cotton. This material is usually required in the electrical industry because one can wear it well under flame-resistant protective clothing. The cuffs on the upper arms of the ANGEL shirt must not cut in, but the electrodes must still be well-positioned. That’s why different upper arm sizes for the shirts are necessary. Besides, the ANGEL shirt’s built-in electrodes and sensitive connection points must withstand at least 50 washes. “Washing combines several challenges at the same time. Temperature, chemicals, and mechanical effects — and all of this over a long period,” explains Silke. ANGEL is nevertheless a smart textile shirt that does not need a gentle cycle.

Going into series production

There are many and exciting prototypes in the smart textile industry. But it quickly becomes apparent that they cannot yet step into series production because they are too complex to manufacture, not washable, or are simply too expensive. The customers are willing to pay a certain price for a smart textile shirt, but not an infinite amount.

To offer the ANGEL shirts at a reasonable price, we had to optimize the production processes. “Our electronic components require electrical interconnections in some places and absolute isolation in others. This is a challenge in series production,” says Silke. Smart components can be easily attached to the shirts with thermal presses, but these presses have been used and tested primarily for logo printing. There, it’s all about looks, “whereas for us, it’s about electrical functionality, everything has to be connected in a stable and process-safe way.”

So far, everything has worked out, and the first almost 2000 ANGEL shirts have rolled off the production line as planned: “Made in Europe” — that is important to ADRESYS.


Silke contributes the knowledge about smart textiles generated during the development of the ANGEL system to the Textile Committee of Austrian Standards and the Working Group for Smart Textiles at CEN, the European Committee for Standardization. ADRESYS’ PATCH project also aims to bring new knowledge to the outside world. “Our methods are also interesting for other systems,” explains Silke. “How do you insulate a textile conductor? How do you ensure that electrodes have the best possible skin contact, regardless of the nature of the skin or body hair?” For the medical sector, for example, knowing how to best attach a data processing unit to a smart textile shirt could be well of interest.

Looking into the future

The launch of the ANGEL system is scheduled for September, and ideas for new developments are already on the horizon. Long sleeves are mandatory in the high-voltage sector, for example. How and where should the electrodes be attached to such a shirt? And can the ANGEL system also be built into flame-resistant fabric?

The smart textile sector is only just beginning — and ANGEL is now also part of it.

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